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1964–President Johnson signs the "Civil Rights Act of 1964" into law. The law includes the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of race, not only where the registration of voters is involved, but also in public accommodations, in publicly owned or operated facilities, and in employment and union membership.



311–St. Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope.

419–Roman Emperor Valentinian III (425-455) is born in Ravenna, Italy.

437–Emperor Valentinian III begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother, Galla Placidi,a ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.

626–Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushes and kills his rival brothers, Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng, in the Xuanwu Gate Incident.

706–In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang places the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.

943–German King, Henry the Fowler, dies in Memleben, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, at age 60.

963–The Imperial Army proclaims Nikephoros II Phokas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.

1298–King Adolf of Germany dies during battle against his successor Albert of Habsburg in Göllheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

1363–Maria, Queen of Sicily, is born in Catania, Kingdom of Sicily.

1492–English Princess, Elizabeth Tudor, is born at Richmond Palace (present-day Richmond-Upon-Thames) in London, England. She was the second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York.

1494–The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.

1504–Stephen III of Moldavia dies from an old leg wound in Suceava, Moldavia, at age 70. Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes Voivode of Moldavia.

1555–The Ottoman Admiral, Turgut Reis, sacks the Italian city of Paola.

1561–Emperor Menas of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz.

1566–Nostradamus (Michel de Nostre-Dam), French astrologer, physician, and prophet, dies in Salon, at age 62.

1679–Europeans first visit Minnesota and see the headwaters of the Mississippi River in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.

1698–Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.

1743–Politician, Spencer Compton, the first Earl of Wilmington, dies at St. James's, Middlesex, England, at age 70. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He is considered to have been Britain's second Prime Minister, after Sir Robert Walpole. The cities of Wilmington, Delaware, and Wilmington, North Carolina, and the towns of Wilmington, Massachusetts, and Wilmington, Vermont, are named in his honor.

1746–English antiquarian and author, Thomas Baker, dies in Cambridge, England, of apoplexy, at age 83. His manuscript collections on the history and antiquities of the university of Cambridge, amounting to 39 volumes in folio and three in quarto, were divided between the British Museum and the public library at Cambridge.

1776–The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain, though a public “Declaration of Independence” is not formally printed for the masses until July 4th.

1777–Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.

1778–French Enlightenment philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, dies of a hemorrhage while walking on the estate of the marquis René Louis de Girardin in Ermenonville, France, at age 66. With his notions about the “noble savage” and educational views on the spirituality of children, he is considered the “Father of Romanticism.” Rousseau was also a successful composer of music, who wrote seven operas, as well as music in other forms, and made contributions to music as a theorist.

1787–The Marquis de Sade shouts from the Bastille in Paris, France, that prisoners are being slaughtered.

1816–The French frigate Méduse strikes the Bank of Arguin. Over 150 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault's painting, The Raft of the Medusa.

1821–Politician, Charles Tupper, is born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada. He was the sixth Prime Minister of Canada.

1822–Thirty-five slaves are hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.

1823–The end of Portuguese rule comes in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the Province of Bahia.

1839–Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves, led by Joseph Cinque, take over the slave ship Amistad.

1839–Abdülmecid I becomes Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1843–An alligator falls from the sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina.

1843–Physician, Samuel Hahnemann, dies in Paris, France, at age 88. He is the originator of Homeopathy.

1849–Maria Theresa of Austria-Este is born in Brno, Austrian Empire (present-day Czech Republic). She was the last Queen of Bavaria.

1850–Benjamin J. Lane patents the self-contained gas mask.

1850–Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, dies from injuries in a horse riding accident in Westminster, London, England.

1853–The Russian Army crosses the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia, and Wallachia, providing the spark that sets off the Crimean War.

1865–William Booth establishes the Salvation Army in London, England.

1867–The first American elevated railroad opens in New York City, running for one-half mile around lower Manhattan at 12 to 15 mph.

1871–Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.

1877–Novelist and poet, Hermann Hesse, is born in Calw, Württemberg, German Empire. He is best known for his works Siddhartha, Steppenwolf, and Demien. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1946.

1881–Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19th.

1890–The U.S. Congress pass the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, curtailing the powers of U.S. business monopolies.

1893–Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer, is born in Cardiff, Wales. He designed Rockefeller Center in New York City.

1897–Italian scientist, Guglielmo Marconi, obtains a patent for radio in London, England.

1900–Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin makes the first zeppelin flight on Lake Constance, near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1900–Finlandia, by Jean Sibelius, receives its premiere performance in Helsinki, with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.

1901–Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob a train of $40,000 near Wagner, Montana.

1902–John J. McGraw becomes manager of the New York Giants.

1902–26th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A. Gore (6-4, 6-3, 3-6, 6-0).

1902–19th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Muriel Robb beats C. Sterry (7-5, 6-1).

1903–Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (1963-1964), is born in Mayfair, London, England.

1903–Olav V of Norway is born Alexander Edward Christian Frederik at Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, England. Due to his considerate, down-to-earth style, King Olav was immensely popular, resulting in the nickname Folkekongen ("The People's King").

1904–Tennis player, Jean-René Lacoste, is born in Paris, France. He created the Lacoste tennis shirt in 1929. He was nicknamed "the Crocodile" by fans because of his tenacity on the court during his tennis matches.

1907–Cream City Park opens in Lyons, Illinois. Its main feature covering 15 acres is a reproduction of “Old Bohemia” (Czechoslovakia), featuring a Bohemian village with its picturesque streets, shops, modes of transportation, churches, theaters, natives, dancers, acrobats, musicians, and mountain backdrop. Its large music hall seats 4,500 people and its ballroom floor could accommodate 1,000 dancers. The park burned down at the end of the its second season.

1908–Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court Justice (1967-1991), is born in Baltimore, Maryland.

1916–Actor, Ken Curtis, is born Curtis Wain Gates in Lamar, Colorado. He is best known for the role of Festus in the TV Western series Gunsmoke. He appeared in the films Rio Grande, The Quiet Man, Mr. Roberts, The Searchers, The Last Hurrah, The Killer Shrews, The Alamo, Two Rode Together, How the West Was Won, and Cheyenne Autumn.

1917–Author and academic, Leonard J. Arrington, is born in Twin Falls, Idaho. He founded the Mormon History Association.

1917–Murry (Gage) Wilson, father of Beach Boys Brian, Carl and Dennis Wilson, is born in Hutchinson, Kansas. As a young man, he worked at Southern California Gas Company until the birth of Brian, after which he took a job as a foreman at a Goodyear Tire & Rubber factory, where he lost an eye in an industrial accident. Wilson later founded a machining business, but maintained an active interest in music, which he passed along to his sons, encouraging them to learn to sing and play instruments. He became their business manager, co-producer, and publisher in the early part of their career as The Beach Boys. Wilson also released one album of his own, The Many Moods of Murry Wilson, in 1967.

1921–President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox-Porter Resolution, formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.

1921–41st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: B. Tilden beats B. Norton (4-6, 2-6, 6-1, 6-0, 7-5).

1921–Jack Dempsey knocks out George S. Carpentier in Round 4 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1922–Italian-born French fashion designer, Pierre Cardin, is born Pietro Cardin in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy. Cardin is known for his avant garde and space-age designs, often disguising, rather than accentuating the female body.

1925–Soldier and activist, Medgar (Wiley) Evers, is born in Decatur, Mississippi. After returning from overseas military service in World War II and completing his college education, he became active in the Civil Rights Movement. He became a field secretary for the NAACP.

1925–Politician, Patrice (Emery) Lumumba, is born Élias Okit’Asombo in Katakokombe, Belgian Congo (present-day Congo-Kinshasa). He was the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1926–French psychologist, Emile Coué, dies in Nancy, France. An advocate of autosuggestion, he suggested benefits could be derived by repeating the following sentence 15 to 20 times in the morning and evening: "Every day, and in every way, I am becoming better and better."

1927–40th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Helen Moody beats L. de Alvarez (6-2, 6-4).

1927–Actor, Brock Peters, is born George Fisher in Harlem, New York. He is best known for the role of Tom Robinson in the film To Kill a Mockingbird. He appeared in the films Carmen Jones, Porgy and Bess, The L-Shaped Room, Major Dundee, The Incident, Soylent Green, and Two-Minute Warning.

1929–Imelda Marcos (wife of exiled Philippines leader, Ferdinand Marcos) is born Imelda Remedios Visitación Romuáldez in Manila, Philippines. In what she considered a “snub” by The Beatles in 1966, when they toured the Phillippines, she had them very unpleasantly thrown out of the country. Hundreds of criminal cases have been filed against Marcos, but she has yet to serve a day in prison. Her family continues to be influential in Philippine politics.

1932–52nd Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H. Austin (6-4, 6-2, 6-0).

1932–Dave Thomas, founder of Wendy's fast food restaurants, is born in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

1932–Manuel II of Portugal dies of suffocation by an abnormal swelling in his larynx in Fulwell, United Kingdom, at age 42. His reign ended with the dissolution of the monarchy in the October 1910 revolution, and Manuel lived the rest of his life in exile.

1934–General Lazaro Cardenas is elected President of Mexico.

1934–Tom Springfield, of The Springfields, is born Dionysius P.A. O'Brien in Hampstead, London, England. He was an important figure in the 1960s folk and pop music scene. He is the brother of singer, Dusty Springfield, and they performed together in The Springfields.

1937–Amelia Earhart and navigator, Fred Noonan, disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial around-the-world flight.

1937–57th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Don Budge beats G. von Cramm (6-3, 6-4, 6-2).

1937–50th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J. Jedrzejowska (6-2, 2-6, 7-5).

1937–Actress, Polly (Dean) Holliday, is born in Jasper, Alabama. She is best known for the role of Flo on the TV series Alice, where she started the catch-phrase “Kiss my grits.” She appeared in the films W.W. and the Dixie Dance Kings, All the President’s Men, The One and Only, Gremlins, Moon Over Parador, and Mrs. Doubtfire.

1937–Racecar driver, Richard (Lee) Petty, is born in Level Cross, Randolph County, North Carolina. He is best known for winning the NASCAR Championship seven times, winning a record 200 races during his career, winning the Daytona 500 a record seven times, and winning a record 27 races in the 1967 season alone. Statistically, he is the most accomplished driver in the history of the sport and is one of the most respected figures in motorsports as a whole. Petty is a second generation driver: his father, Lee Petty, won the first Daytona 500 in 1959, and was also a three-time NASCAR champion; while his son, Kyle, is a well-known NASCAR driver.

1938–51st Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-4, 6-0).

1939–John H. Sununu, U.S. Secretary of State (1989-1991), is born John Henry Sununu in Havana, Cuba. He served as the 75th Governor of New Hampshire (1983-1989) and later as White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush.

1940–Adolf Hitler orders plans to be drawn up for a possible German invasion of England.

1940–Indian independence leader, Subhas Chandra Bose, is arrested and detained in Calcutta.

1940–Comic actor, Ben Turpin, dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica, California, at age 70. He is best known for his work in the silent film era. He worked in vaudeville, burlesque, and circuses. Turpin had a distinctive appearance, with a small wiry frame, a brush mustache, and crossed eyes. Turpin's famous eyes, he said, only crossed as a young adult after he suffered an accident.

1941–The Nazis massacre over 2,000 Jews in Lutsk, Ukraine.

1941–William (Franklin) Guest, of Gladys Knight & the Pips, is born in Atlanta, Georgia. His cousin is singer, Gladys Knight.

1941–Charlie Watts, drummer for The Rolling Stones, is born Charles Robert Watts in Kingsbury, London, England. He is a founding member of the Stones, recording and touring with the band for over 40 years.

1942–Politician, Vicente Fox, is born Vicente Fox Quesada in Mexico City, Mexico. He was the 35th President of Mexico.

1946–Actor, Ron Silver, is born Ronald Arthur Silver in Manhattan, New York. He appeared in the films Semi-Tough, Best Friends, The Entity, Lovesick, Silkwood, Garbo Talks, Blue Steel, Reversal of Fortune, Mr. Saturday Night, Timecop, and Ali.

1947–An object speculated to be a UFO, crashes near Roswell, New Mexico.

1947–Comedian-writer, Larry David, is born Lawrence Gene David in Brooklyn, New York. He was the co-creator, with Jerry Seinfeld, of the TV series Seinfeld, and was its head writer and executive producer from 1989 to 1996. David also created the HBO series Curb Your Enthusiasm, in which he stars as a semi-fictionalized version of himself. He appeared in the films Can She Bake a Cherry Pie?, Radio Days, New York Stories, and The Three Stooges.

1947–Luci Baines Johnson, daughter of President Lyndon Johnson, is born in Washington, D.C. Her mother was First Lady, Ladybird Johnson, and her older sister is Lynda Bird Johnson.

1948–62nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (7-5, 0-6, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5).

1948–Actor, Saul Rubinek, is born in Föhrenwald, Wolfratshausen, Upper Bavaria, Allied-occupied Germany. Rubinek's parents were hidden by Polish farmers for over two years during World War II and moved the family to Canada in 1948. He appeared in the films Young Doctors in Love, Against All Odds, Sweet Liberty, Wall Street, Unforgiven, True Romance, Nixon, The Contender, and Julia.

1949–56th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: L. Brough beats M. duPont (10-8, 1-6, 10-8).

1949–Roy Bittan, keyboard player for the E Street Band, is born in Rockaway Beach, Queens, New York. As a session musician, he has recorded with Jon Bon Jovi, David Bowie, Jackson Browne, Tracy Chapman, Chicago, Dire Straits, Peter Gabriel, Ian Hunter, Meat Loaf, Stevie Nicks, Bob Seger, Celine Dion, Nelly Furtado, Jim Steinman, and Bonnie Tyler.

1950–Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.

1950–The Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan, burns down.

1950–Johnny Colla, of Huey Lewis & the News, is born John Victor Colla in Sacramento, California.

1953–Writer, Roald Dahl, marries actress, Patricia Neal at Trinity Church in New York City.

1953–Mark Hart, of Crowded House and Supertramp, is born in Fort Scott, Kansas.

1954–68th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: J. Drobny beats K. Rosewall (13-11, 4-6, 6-2, 9-7).

1954–Pete Briquette, of The Boomtown Rats, is born Patrick Martin Cusack in Ballyjamesduff, County Cavan, Ireland.

1955–The Lawrence Welk Show debuts on ABC-TV.

1955–62nd Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Louise Brough beats B. Fleitz (7-5, 8-6).

1956–Elvis Presley records Hound Dog, Don't Be Cruel, and Any Way You Want Me, for RCA Records in New York. It's the first session to feature The Jordainaries, a vocal harmony quartet.

1956–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1956–Model, Jerry (Faye) Hall, is born in Gonzales, Texas. By 1977, Hall had been on 40 magazine covers, including Italian Vogue and Cosmopolitan. She was earning modeling fees in excess of $1000 per day. Her trademark long blonde hair and height of six feet quickly made her one of the most visible and photographed models in the industry, during that period. She was married to rocker, Mick Jagger.

1958–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island.

1959–The Ed Wood sci-fi movie, Plan 9 From Outer Space, premieres.

1961–Actor, Jimmy McNichol, is born James Vincent McNichol III in Los Angeles, California. He got his start at the age of 7, acting in a Band-Aid commercial. He appeared in roughly 60 commercials between 1967-1973, including spots for Kool-Aid and Crest. He appeared in the films Night Warning, Blinded by the Light, and Smokey Bites the Dust. He is the younger brother of actress, Kristy McNichol.

1961–Writer, Ernest Hemingway, dies of suicide by a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Ketchum, Idaho. During his final years, Hemingway's behavior was similar to his father's before he himself committed suicide: his father may have had the genetic disease hemochromatosis, in which the inability to metabolize iron culminates in mental and physical deterioration. Medical records made available in 1991, confirm that Hemingway's hemochromatosis had been diagnosed in early 1961. His sister, Ursula, and his brother, Leicester, also committed suicide. Added to Hemingway's physical ailments was the additional problem that he had been a heavy drinker for most of his life. His works include A Farewell to Arms, The Sun Also Rises, and The Old Man and the Sea. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.

1962–The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.

1962–After breaking his ankle during a jump with the 101st Airborne, James (later Jimi) Hendrix receives an honorary discharge from the U.S. Army.

1963–Dezo Hoffman conducts his “A Day In The Life Of The Beatles” photograph sessions: 1) Room 114, Hotel President; 2) Reception area, Hotel President; 3) Guildford Street, walking towards Russell Square; 4) Russell Square Gardens; 5) Rupert Street (buying bananas at a stall on the corner at 5-7 Brewer Street); 6) Dougie A. Millings and Son, tailors; 7) Delicatessen Shop; 8) Shirtmaker Mr. A. Maknyick's shop; 9) Rupert Court; 10) Buying ice cream at Kontact Cafe; 11) 27 Wardour Street, in front of the Garner's restaurant; 12) Dezo Hoffmann's studio (to take portraits of John Lennon and George Harrison). Many of these photos were used in the early promotions during Beatlemania, and they were specifically used in the first set of The Beatles’ bubble gum cards (black and white) in the U.S.

1963–Publisher, Alicia Patterson, dies of complications following stomach surgery for an ulcer, at age 56. She co-founded Newsday, which became a respected and Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper.

1964–President Johnson signs the "Civil Rights Act of 1964" into law. The law includes the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of race, not only where the registration of voters is involved, but also in public accommodations, in publicly owned or operated facilities, and in employment and union membership.

1964–Baseball player, Jose Canseco, is born Jose Canseco Capas, Jr. in Havana, Cuba. He was a Major League Baseball outfielder and designated hitter. After retiring from baseball, he competed in boxing and mixed martial arts. His twin brother is baseball player, Ozzie Canseco.

1964–Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, the biggest NASCAR money winner, dies in a car crash in Charlotte, North Carolina, at age 35. After Roberts' death, NASCAR mandated that all drivers wear flame retardant coveralls while on track. They also instituted the five point safety harness, and the special, contoured drivers seat, all still requirements on all NASCAR entrants.

1965–79th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle.

1966–The French military explode a nuclear test bomb in Mururoa atoll, the country’s first nuclear test in the Pacific.

1966–73rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis Singles: Billie Jean King beats Maria Bueno.

1969–Ralph Nadar makes a statement saying that rock and roll music will produce a nation of hearing-impaired people.

1969–A chart topper: Something in the Air by Thunderclap Newman.

1971–The USSR conducts an underground nuclear test.

1971–78th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats Margaret Smith.

1972–Religious leader, Joseph Fielding Smith, dies in Salt Lake City, Utah, at age 95. He was the 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

1973–Actress, Betty Grable, dies of lung cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 56. She was a dancer, singer, and popular contract star for 20th Century-Fox during the 1940s and 1950s. She appeared in the films The Gay Divorcee, Follow the Fleet, Million Dollar Legs, Moon Over Miami, Four Jills in a Jeep, Pin Up Girl, The Dolly Sisters, Mother Wore Tights, The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend, and How to Marry a Millionaire.

1973–Character actor, George Macready, dies of emphysema in Los Angeles, California, at age 73. Macready donated his body to science. He appeared in many TV westerns, including Bat Masterson, Bonanza, Gunsmoke, Have Gun Will Travel, The Rebel, The Rifleman, and Wanted: Dead or Alive. He appeared in the films Follow the Boys, Gilda, The Big Clock, The Desert Hawk, Detective Story, A Kiss Before Dying, Paths of Glory, Two Weeks in Another Town, Taras Bulba, Seven Days in May, Dead Ringer, and The Great Race.

1976–The formal reunification of North and South Vietnam is established.

1976–The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual punishment.

1976–For the first time in 12 years, Brian Wilson joins The Beach Boys on stage. He's mostly motionless at his piano, but he does sing the lead vocal on In My Room. The next night, he's back again, and TV cameras record the event for a Beach Boys special which will air on NBC-TV in August.

1976–83rd Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Chris Evert beats E. Goolagong.

1977–Writer, Vladimir V. Nabokov, dies in Montreaux, Switzerland, at age 78. He is best known for his novel, Lolita, which is considered to be the finest of his works written in English.

1977–91st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats J. Connors.

1983–90th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: M. Navratilova beats A. Jaeger.

1985–Andrei Gromyko is appointed the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

1986–Rodrigo Rojas and Carmen Gloria Quintana are burnt alive during a street demonstration against the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile.

1986–Actress, Lindsay (Dee) Lohan, is born in New York, New York. She began her career as a child fashion model at the age of three, and was later featured on the soap opera Another World when she was 10. She appeared in the films The Parent Trap, Freaky Friday, A Prairie Home Companion, Bobby, Friendly Fire, Chapter 27, I Know Who Killed Me, Liz & Dick, and Scary Movie 5.

1987–Choreographer and dancer, Michael Bennett, dies of AIDS-related lymphoma in Tucson, Arizona, at age 44. He choreographed Promises, Promises, Follies, Company, A Chorus Line, and Dreamgirls.

1988–95th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats M. Navratilova (5-7, 6-2, 6-1).

1989–Economist and politician, Andrei Gromyko, dies from a vascular problem in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, at age 79. He was the Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs.

1990–A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during hajj.

1990–Singer, Snooky Lanson, dies in New York, New York, at age 76. He is best known for co-starring on the popular TV series Your Hit Parade.

1991–Actress, Lee Remick, dies of kidney and liver cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 55. She appeared in the films A Face in the Crowd, The Long Hot Summer, Anatomy of a Murder, Wild River, Sanctuary, Experiment in Terror, Days of Wine and Roses, The Running Man, The Wheeler Dealers, Baby the Rain Must Fall, No Way to Treat a Lady, Sometimes a Great Notion, The Omen, and The Competition.

1992–Braniff Airlines goes out of business.

1993–Actor, Fred Gwynne, dies of pancreatic cancer in Taneytown, Maryland, at age 66. He is best known for his roles in the 1960s sitcoms Car 54, Where Are You? and The Munsters. He appeared in the films The Littlest Angel, Simon, So Fine, The Cotton Club, Off Beat, The Boy Who Could Fly, The Secret of My Success, Fatal Attraction, Ironweed, Pet Sematary, Disorganized Crime, and My Cousin Vinny.

1994–101st Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: C. Martinez beats M. Navratilova.

1997–Actor, James Stewart, dies from a pulmonary embolismin Beverly Hills, California, at age 89. His final words to his family were "I'm going to be with Gloria now!" Over 3,000 mourners, mostly celebrities, attended Stewart's memorial service, which included a firing of three volleys for his service in the Army Air Forces and the U.S. Air Force. He appeared in the films Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, The Shop Around the Corner, The Philadelphia Story, Pot o’ Gold, It’s a Wonderful Life, Call Northside 777, Rope, The Stratton Story, Winchester ‘73, Harvey, The Glenn Miller Story, Rear Window, The Man Who Knew Too Much, The Spirit of St. Louis, Vertigo, Bell, Book and Candle, The FBI Story, How the West Was Won, and Shenandoah.

1999–Writer, Mario Puzo, dies of heart failure in West Bay Shore, New York, at age 78. He is best known for his novel The Godfather.

2000–Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of Mexico from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional, after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.

2002–Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.

2001–The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is first implanted.

2001–Liverpool Airport is renamed John Lennon Airport in honor of its native son. The airport has a new logo that features a Lennon self-portrait and the words "Above Us Only Sky" from his solo song Imagine.

2002–Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon.

2002–Jazz musician, Ray Brown, dies in his sleep in Indianapolis, Indiana, at age 75. He was a double bassist and cellist, known for extensive work with Oscar Peterson and Ella Fitzgerald. Brown, along with vibraphonist Milt Jackson, drummer Kenny Clarke, and pianist John Lewis, formed The Modern Jazz Quartet.

2005–The Live 8 benefit concerts take place in the G8 states and in South Africa. More than 1,000 musicians perform and the concerts are broadcast on 182 television networks and 2,000 radio networks.

2005–Norm Prescott, co-founder Filmation Studios, dies of natural causes in Encino, California, at age 78. Filmations productions include The New Adventures of Superman, The Archie Show, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, and The Brady Kids.

2006–Comedian, Jan Murray, dies in Beverly Hills, California, at age 89. He originally made his name on the Borscht Belt and later was known for his frequent television appearances over several decades on shows such as Texaco Star Theater, The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, and The Joey Bishop Show.

2007–Opera singer, Beverly Sills, dies of lung cancer in New York, at age 78. She was an American operatic soprano whose peak career was between the 1950s and 1970s. Her signature roles include Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor, Massenet's Manon, Donizetti's La fille du régiment, the three heroines in Offenbach's Les contes d'Hoffmann, Rossini's The Barber of Seville, Violetta in Verdi's La traviata, and most notably Elisabetta in Roberto Devereux.

2010–The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.

2013–Computer scientist, Douglas Engelbart, dies of kidney failure in Atherton, California, at age 88. He was an engineer, inventor, and early computer and Internet pioneer. He invented the first computer mouse.

2013–The International Astronomical Union names Pluto's fourth and fifth moons Kerberos and Styx.

2013–A 6.1 earthquake strikes Aceh, Indonesia, killing at least 42 people and injuring 420 others.

2013–Fawzia Fuad of Egypt dies in Alexandria, Egypt, at age 91. She was an Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

2015–A bridge collapses under a Pakistan Army train at Gujranwala, killing 19 people and injuring over 100 others.

2015–A ferry capsizes in Ormoc, Leyte, Philippines, killing 62 of 220 passengers that were aboard.

2016–Four children are stabbed to death by their mother in Memphis, Tennessee. The children who died were a 6-month-old, a 2-year-old, a 3-year-old, and 4-year old. A 7-year-old child was home at the time and survived.

2016–Film director, Michael Cimino, dies at his home in Beverly Hills, California, at age 77. His films include Silent Running, Magnum Force, Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, The Deer Hunter, The Rose, Heaven's Gate, Year of the Dragon, and Desperate Hours.

2016–Writer, Elie Wiesel, dies in New York, New York, at age 87. He was a professor, political activist, Holocaust survivor, and Nobel Laureate. He was the author of 57 books, written mostly in French and English, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a prisoner in the Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald concentration camps.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: St. Militiades; King Adolf of Germany; the first steam engine; Charles Tupper; The Salvation Army logo; Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid; Cream City Park; Murry Wilson; Pierre Cardin's mod mini dresses; Brock Peters; The Springfields; Richard Petty; Ben Turpin; Roswell UFO art; Roald Dahl and Patricia Neal on their wedding day; Jerry Hall; Ernest Hemingway; The Beatles during a Dezo Hoffman photo shoot in England; Fireball Roberts; Betty Grable; Brian Wilson, Lindsay Lohan; Lee Remick; James Stewart; The John Lennon Liverpool Airport; Filmation art; and the first computer mouse.

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