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1971–Jim Morrison, lead singer with the rock group, The Doors, dies in Paris, France, at age 27. Fans won't learn of his passing until six days later, by which time he had been quietly buried in the Pere-Lachaise cemetery. Jim's death is originally believed to be a heart attack, brought about by a respiratory ailment. However, some associates of his come forward in 1990, indicating that he may have actually died from a heroin overdose, primarily due to his lack of familiarity with the powerful narcotic. Any number of undiagnosed physical ailments may also have contributed to Morrison's death.



324–In the Battle of Adrianople, Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.

458–Byzantine patriarch and Saint, Anatolius of Constantinople, dies in Constantinople, Eastern Roman Empire (present-day Istanbul, Turkey).

710–Emperor Zhongzong of Tang dies after eating poisoned cake at age 53.

987–Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian Dynasty that ruled France until the French Revolution in 1792.

1035–William the Conqueror becomes the Duke of Normandy and reigns until 1087.

1423–Louis XI, King of France (1461-1483), is born in Bourges, Berry, France.

1442–Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan is born in Japan.

1608–The city of Quebec, Canada, is founded by Samuel de Champlain.

1642–Maria de Medici, French Queen-Mother, dies in Cologne, Germany, at age 69.

1743–Sophia Magdalena of Denmark is born at Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark.

1767–Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

1767–Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published.

1775–George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1778–British forces kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre of the Revoluntionary War.

1795–Politician, Antonio de Ulloa, dies in Isla de León, Spain, at age 79. He was the first Colonial Governor of Louisiana. He was a Spanish general, explorer, author, and astronomer.

1806–Michael Keens exhibits the first cultivated strawberry.

1819–The first savings bank in America, The Bank of Savings in New York City, opens.

1839–The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts, with three students.

1844–The last pair of great auks are killed.

1844–The last pair of great auks are killed. These are a flightless bird of the alcid family. It was the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus (unrelated to penguins, although it was the first bird to be called penguin).

1848–Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (present-day U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten, in the culmination of a year-long plot by enslaved Africans.

1849–The French enter Rome, Italy, in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power.

1852–The U.S. Congress authorizes the country's second Mint in San Francisco, California.

1863–The Battle of Gettysburg ends as a major victory for the North.

1863–Little Crow (Ta-oya-te-duta), Santee Sioux Indian Chief, dies after a gunfight that erupts while he is picking strawberries in the Big Woods of Minnesota, at age 53.

1866–The Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgrätz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.

1870–Politician, R.B. Bennett, is born Richard Bedford Bennett in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, Canada. He was the 11th Prime Minister of Canada.

1871–The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company introduces the first narrow-gauge locomotive.

1872–Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-1919), is born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

1878–Actor-singer-composer, George M. Cohan, is born in Providence, Rhode Island. He began his career as a child, performing with his parents and sister in a vaudeville act known as "The Four Cohans." Beginning with Little Johnny Jones in 1904, he wrote, composed, produced, and appeared in more than three dozen Broadway musicals. Cohan published more than 300 songs during his lifetime, including the standards Over There, Give My Regards to Broadway, The Yankee Doodle Boy, and You're a Grand Old Flag. His life and music were depicted in the Academy Award-winning film Yankee Doodle Dandy and the Broadway musical George M!

1883–Novelist, Franz Kafka, is born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (present-day Czech Republic). He is best known for his books Metamorphosis, The Trial, and Amerika. He is regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Most of his works are filled with the themes and archetypes of alienation, physical and psychological brutality, parent-child conflict, characters on a terrifying quest, labyrinths of bureaucracy, and mystical transformations. He will suffer from ill health for most of his life and spend a great deal of time in various sanitariums.

1884–Dow Jones publishes its first stock average.

1886–The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.

1886–Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen as the first purpose-built automobile.

1890–Idaho becomes the 43rd state of the United States of America.

1893–Bluesman, Mississippi John Hurt, is born John Smith Hurt in Teoc, Carroll County, Mississippi. Material recorded by him has been re-released by many record labels over the years, and his songs have been recorded by Bob Dylan, Jerry Garcia, Beck, Doc Watson, Taj Mahal, and David Johansen.

1898–A Spanish squadron, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is defeated by an American squadron, under William T. Sampson, in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.

1901–25th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Arthur Gore beats R. Doherty (4-6, 7-5, 6-4, 6-4).

1901–18th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats B. Hillyard (6-2, 6-2).

1904–Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, dies of of cardiac sclerosis in Edlach, Austria-Hungary, at age 44. He formed the World Zionist Organization and promoted Jewish migration to Palestine, in an effort to form a Jewish state (Israel). His will stipulated that he should have the poorest-class funeral without speeches or flowers and he added, "I wish to be buried in the vault beside my father, and to lie there until the Jewish people shall take my remains to Israel." Nevertheless, six thousand people followed Herzl's hearse, and the funeral was long and chaotic. In 1949, his remains were moved from Vienna, Austria, to be reburied on the top of Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, named in his memory.

1906–Actor, George (Henry) Sanders, is born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire. He appeared in the films Foreign Correspondent, Rebecca, The House of the Seven Gables, The Picture of Dorian Gray, Forever Amber, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, All About Eve, Call Mr Madam, From the Earth to the Moon, The Last Voyage, Village of the Damned, A Shot in the Dark, The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders, Good Times, and Psychomania. He was married to actress, Zsa Zsa Gabor and her older sister, Magda Gabor.

1908–32nd Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Arthur Gore beats H. Roper-Barrett (6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 3-6, 6-4).

1908–25th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats A. Morton (6-4, 6-4).

1908–Writer, Thomas Narcejac, is born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France. He wrote Vertigo.

1909–33rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore beats J. Ritchie (6-8, 1-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-2).

1909–26th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dora Boothby beats A. Morton (6-4, 4-6, 8-6).

1913–Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge: upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy, they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.

1913–Journalist and TV personality, Dorothy (Mae) Kilgallen, is born in New York, New York. In 1938, she began her newspaper column, "The Voice of Broadway," which eventually was syndicated to more than 146 papers. She became a regular panelist on the TV game show, What's My Line?, in 1950.

1915–U.S. military forces occupy Haiti, remaining until 1934.

1916–Businesswoman and financier, Henrietta Green, known as the Witch of Wall Street, dies of apoplexy in New York, New York, at age 81. The New York Times reported that she had suffered a series of strokes leading up to her death. Estimates of her net worth ranged from $100 million to $200 million ($2.17 billion to $4.35 billion in 2016), making her arguably the richest woman in the world at the time.

1918–Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed V, dies in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), at age 73. he did not live to see the downfall of the Ottoman Empire.

1920–40th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (2-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-4).

1920–33rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats D. Chambers (6-3, 6-0).

1921–Film director, François Reichenbach, is born in Paris, France. His films include Jeu I, The Lovers of France, Decameron ‘69, The Indiscreet One, The Right of the Maddest, F for Fake, and Do You Hear the Dogs Barking?

1924–Politician, S.R. Nathan, is born Sellapan Ramanathan in Singapore. He was the sixth President of the Republic of Singapore. His 12-year term ended on August 31, 2011.

1925–38th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Joan Fry (6-2, 6-0).

1926–46th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Jean Borotra beats H. Kinsey (8-6, 6-1, 6-3).

1926–39th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Kitty Godfree beats L. de Alvarez (6-2, 4-6, 6-3).

1926–Trumpet player, Johnny Coles, is born in Trenton, New Jersey.

1927–47th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: H. Cochet beats Borotra (4-6, 4-6, 6-3, 6-4, 7-5).

1927–Film director, Ken Russell, is born Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell in Southampton, Hampshire, England. His films include Billion Dollar Brain, Women in Love, The Boy Friend, Mahler, Tommy, Lisztomania, Altered States, Crimes of Passion, and Gothic.

1928–The first color television broadcast takes place in London, England.

1929–The Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories begins manufacturing foam rubber.

1930–The U.S. Veterans Administration is established.

1930–Jazz clarinetist, Pete Fountain, is born Pierre Dewey LaFontaine, Jr. in New Orleans, Louisiana. He played jazz, Dixieland, Pop Jazz, Honky-Tonk Jazz, Pop, and Creole music.

1930–Guitarist, Tommy Tedesco, is born Thomas J. Tedesco in Niagara Falls, New York. He was a session musician and jazz and bebop guitarist. He was described by Guitar Player magazine as the most recorded guitarist in history, having played on thousands of recordings, many of which were “Top 20” hits. He recorded with most of the top musicians working in the Los Angeles area, including The Beach Boys, The Mamas & The Papas, The Everly Brothers, The Association, Barbra Streisand, Jan and Dean, The 5th Dimension, Elvis Presley, Sam Cooke, Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Zappa, Ricky Nelson, Cher, and Nancy and Frank Sinatra.

1931–51st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Sid Wood, Jr. beats F.X. Shields.

1931–44th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Cilly Aussem beats H. Sperling (6-2, 7-5).

1931–Max Schmeling defeats Young Stribling in Round 15 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1933–Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (1916-1922 and 1928-1930), dies under house arrest in Buenos Aires, Argentina, at age 80.

1935–Astronaut, Harrison H. Schmitt, is born in Santa Rita, New Mexico.

1935–André Citroën, French automobile pioneer, dies of stomach cancer in Paris, France, at age 57. He founded the Citroën automobile company in 1919, leading it to become the fourth-largest automobile manufacturer in the world by the early 1930s.

1936–56th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry beats G. von Cramm (6-1, 6-1, 6-0).

1937–The Del Mar Race Track opens in Del Mar, California.

1937–Businessman, Jacob Schick, dies from complications due to a kidney operation in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at age 59. He invented the electric razor.

1938–President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the “eternal flame” at Gettysburg Battlefield.

1938–A world speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 125.88 miles per hour.

1940–Politician, Lamar Alexander, is born.

1940–In World War II, in order to stop the ships from falling into German hands, the French fleet of the Atlantic, based at Mers El Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence, and the French battleship, Bretagne. One thousand two hundred sailors are killed.

1940–Politician, Lamar Alexander, is born Andrew Lamar Alexander, Jr. in Maryville, Tennessee. He is a Republican politician and the senior U.S. Senator from Tennessee, having served since 2003.

1940–Singer, Fontella Bass, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. She had a big hit with the song Rescue Me in 1965.

1941–Feminist attorney, Gloria (Rachel) Allred, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is a civil rights lawyer who is noted for taking high-profile cases: she has been particularly involved with cases involving the protection of women's rights. She is a founding partner of the law firm of Allred, Maroko & Goldberg (AM&G).

1943–Judith Durham, of The Seekers, is born Judy Mavis Cock in Essendon, Victoria, Australia. The Seekers became the first Australian pop music group to achieve major chart and sales success in the United Kingdom and the United States, and as of 2004, had sold over 50 million records. Their biggest hits were I'll Never Find Another You and Georgy Girl.

1944–During World War II, Minsk is liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.

1944–Oriole Park, a minor league baseball stadium, burns down in Baltimore, Maryland.

1945–The first passenger car built since February 1942, is driven off the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Detroit, Michigan. Automotive production had been diverted to military production for the war effort.

1945–Actor, Michael Cole, is born in Madison, Wisconsin. He is best known for the role of Pete Cochrane on the popular 1960s TV series The Mod Squad. He appeared in the films The Bubble, Chuka, The Apostate, and Mr. Brooks.

1947–Author, humorist, and libertarian, Dave Barry, is born in Armonk, New York. Barry wrote a nationally syndicated humor column for The Miami Herald from 1983 to 2005. He also authored several books, including Dave Barry Turns 40 and Barry's Greatest Hits, which were the basis for the TV sitcom Dave's World, starring Harry Anderson as Barry. Barry has been the recipient of numerous honors, including the Pulitzer Prize.

1947–Actress, Betty (Lynn) Buckley, is born in Big Springs, Texas. She is best known for the role of Abby in the TV series Eight is Enough. She appeared in the films Carrie, Tender Mercies, Wild Thing, Frantic, Another Woman, Wyatt Earp, and The Happening.

1948–Paul Barrere, of Little Feat, is born in Burbank, California. He has also recorded and performed with many notable musicians, including Taj Mahal, Jack Bruce, Blues Busters, Valerie Carter, Chico Hamilton, Robert Palmer, Eikichi Yazawa, and Carly Simon.

1948–55th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats Doris Hart (6-3, 8-6).

1949–Actress, (Karin) Jan Smithers, is born in North Hollywood, California. She is best known for the role of Bailey on the TV sitcom WKRP in Cincinnati. She appeared in the films Where the North Wind Blows, Where the Lilies Bloom, Trick or Treat, Our Winning Season, and Mr. Nice Guy. Smithers retired from show business in 1987. She was married to actor, James Brolin.

1949–John Verity, of Argent, is born in in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.

1951–Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc), deposed Haitian “President-for-life,” is born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. He was the President of Haiti from 1971 until his overthrow by a popular uprising in 1986. He succeeded his father, François "Papa Doc" Duvalier, as the ruler of Haiti, after the latter's death in 1971. Thousands of Haitians were killed or tortured, and hundreds of thousands fled the country during his presidency.

1952–The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the U.S. Congress.

1952–The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary.

1952–Andy Fraser, of Free and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, is born Andrew McLan Fraser in Paddington, London, England.

1953–Singer, Harry Belafonte, is shown with actress, Janet Leigh, and her husband, Tony Curtis, on the cover of Ebony magazine. It is the first time blacks and whites are seen together on a U.S. magazine cover.

1953–67th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Vic Seixas beats Kurt Nielsen (9-7, 6-3, 6-4).

1954–Food rationing ends in Great Britain, almost nine years after the end of World War II.

1954–61st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats L. Brough (6-2, 7-5).

1956–TV talk show host, Montel Williams, is born Montel Brian Anthony Williams in Baltimore, Maryland. He is best known as host of the long-running The Montel Williams Show.

1957–Singer, Laura (Ann) Branigan, is born in Brewster, New York. She had a big hit with the song Gloria.

1957–Actress, Judy Tyler, dies in an automobile accident near Rock River, Wyoming, at age 24. She is best known for her co-starring role in the movie Jailhouse Rock. Her acting career began as a teenager, with regular appearances on The Howdy Doody Show as Princess Summerfall Winterspring. Her only other film was Bob Girl Goes Calypso.

1959–73rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Alex Olmedo beats Rod Laver (6-4, 6-3,. 6-4).

1960–Vince Clarke, of Depeche Mode, is born Vincent John Martin in South Woodford, England.

1962–Actor, Tom Cruise, is born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV in Syracuse, New York. He appeared in the films Taps, The Outsiders, Risky Business, All the Right Moves, Legend, Top Gun, The Color of Money, Cocktail, Rain Man, Born on the Fourth of July, Far and Away, A Few Good Men, The Firm, Interview with the Vampire, Jerry MaGuire, and Eyes Wide Shut. He was married to actresses, Mimi Rogers and Nicole Kidman.

1963–In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges, killing all 23 passengers and crew members.

1964–78th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Stolle.

1965–Singing cowboy, Roy Rogers, mourns the death of his horse, Trigger. The animal is later stuffed and put on display in The Roy Rogers Museum.

1965–72nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Margaret Smith beats M. Fraiser.

1966–The New York Times Magazine publishes an article about The Beatles by Maureen Cleave. In it, she reports an unnamed Beatle as having said, "Show business is an extension of the Jewish religion." John Lennon admits to having made the statement and the world seems to take little offense at the remark.

1967–Brian Epstein's NEMS Enterprises, who is handling The Monkees' first U.K. tour, hold a party for the group at London's Speakeasy Club. Those in attendance include Beatles John, Paul, and George (along with their girlfriends and wives), Dusty Springfield, The Who, Procol Harum, Manfred Mann, Lulu, and Eric Clapton. Only three of The Monkees (Micky Dolenz, Peter Tork, and Michael Nesmith) are there; Davy Jones chose to spend the time visiting with his father. The events that took place in England will inspire Micky Dolenz to write the 1967 hit Randy Scouse Git.

1969–The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.

1969–The Newport Jazz Festival, at Newport, Rhode Island, attracts a crowd of 78,000.

1969–Kevin (Neil) Hearn, of Barenaked Ladies, is born in Grimsby, Ontario, Canada.

1969–Rolling Stones co-founder, Brian Jones, dies from drowning in the swimming pool at his home in Cotchford Farm, Hartfield, Sussex, England, at age 27. Only a month before, he had been asked to leave the band because of his serious drug problems. Rumors of both suicide and murder begin surrounding his death. The coroner cites high levels of alcohol and barbituates in his blood and attributes the drowning to "misadventure."

1970–The "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1970–The Atlanta Pop Festival, in Atlanta, Georgia, attracts a crowd of 200,000.

1970–77th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Margaret Smith beats Billie Jean King (14-12, 11-9).

1970–Actress, Shawnee (Rebecca) Smith, is born in Orangeburg, South Carolina. She appeared in the films Annie, Iron Eagle, Summer School, I Saw What You Did, The Blob, Who’s Harry Crumb, Desperate Hours, Leaving Las Vegas, Armageddon, and A Slipping-Down Life.

1971–85th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: J. Newcombe beats S. Smith.

1971–Julian Assange, founder of Wikileaks, is born in Queensland, Australia. He is a computer programmer, publisher, and journalist.

1971–Jim Morrison, lead singer with the rock group, The Doors, dies in Paris, France, at age 27. Fans won't learn of his passing until six days later, by which time he had been quietly buried in the Pere-Lachaise cemetery. Jim's death is originally believed to be a heart attack, brought about by a respiratory ailment. However, some associates of his come forward in 1990, indicating that he may have actually died from a heroin overdose, primarily due to his lack of familiarity with the powerful narcotic. Any number of undiagnosed physical ailments may also have contributed to Morrison's death.

1972–Blues artist, Mississippi Fred McDowell, dies of cancer in Memphis, Tennessee, at age 68. Although commonly regarded as a Delta blues singer, McDowell actually may be considered the first north hill country blues artist to achieve widespread recognition for his work. Musicians from the hill country produced a version of the blues somewhat closer in structure to its African roots.

1973–Inventor, Laurens Hammond, dies in Cornwall, Connecticut, at age 78. He invented the Hammon B3 organ. At the dime of his death, there were 31 manufacturers of electric or electronic organs.

1975–Chuck Negron, of Three Dog Night, is arrested in Louisville, Kentucky, on charges of cocaine possession. The charge is later dropped after the court finds that the warrant was obtained via "unfounded information." The resulting tension between the band members would ultimately destroy the group.

1976–Adolfo Suarez becomes Premier of Spain.

1976–90th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Ilse Nastase.

1978–Actor, James Daly, dies of heart failure in Nyack, New York, at age 59. He is best known for the role of Dr. Paul Lochner in the TV drama Medical Center. He appeared in the films The Young Stranger, I Aim at the Stars, Planet of the Apes, The Big Bounce, and Wild in the Sky.

1979–President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.

1981–The surviving members of The Doors (Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek, and John Densmore) lead fans in a graveside memorial for Jim Morrison in Paris, France.

1981–88th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Chris Evert beats H. Mandlikova.

1981–Actor, Ross Martin, dies of a heart attack in Ramona, California, at age 61. He best known for the role of Artemus Gordon on the TV series The Wild Wild West. He appeared in the films Conquest of Space, Experiment in Terror, The Colossus of New York, Geronimo, The Ceremony, and The Great Race.

1982–89th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert.

1983–97th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John McEnroe beats Chris Lewis (6-2, 6-2, 6-2).

1986–Singer-actor, Rudy Vallee, dies of cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 84. He was watching the televised centennial ceremonies of the restored Statue of Liberty. His wife said his last words were: "I wish we could be there... you know how I love a party." He appeared in the films The Vagabond Lover, George White’s Scandals, The Palm Beach Story, Happy Go Lucky, The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer, I Remember Mama, The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend, The Helen Morgan Story, How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, Live a Little Love a Little, and The Night They Raided Minsky's. He was married to actress, Jane Greer.

1988–U.S. Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.

1988–The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus.

1989–The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states do not have to provide funds for abortions.

1989–Singer, Julian Lennon, performs in Liverpool, England, for the first time. Julian is the eldest son of John Lennon.

1989–Actor, Jim Backus, dies of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California, at age 76. He had suffered from Parkinson's disease for many years. Among his most famous roles are the voice of nearsighted cartoon character Mr. Magoo and Thurston Howell III on the TV sitcom Gilligan's Island.

1990–Members of 2 Live Crew are formally charged with obscenity in Florida.

1993–100th Wimbledon Women's Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats Jana Novotna (7-6, 1-6, 6-4).

1993–Joe DeRita, of The Three Stooges, dies of pneumonia at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California, at age 83. He was the sixth member of the Three Stooges, and the second to be billed as Curly, under the persona of "Curly Joe."

1993–Basesball player, Don Drysdale, dies of a heart attack in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at age 56. He played as a right-handed pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers for his entire career in Major League Baseball. Drysdale was also a good hitter for a pitcher. In 14 seasons, he had 218 hits, including 29 home runs, and was occasionally used as a pinch-hitter, once even during the World Series.

1994–108th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: P. Sampras beats G. Ivanisevic.

1994–Actress, Natasha Richardson, marries actor, Liam Neeson, at a private ceremony in New York.

1996–Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland. Also known as the Stone of Destiny, and often referred to in England as The Coronation Stone, it is an oblong block of red sandstone that was used for centuries in the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland, and later the monarchs of England and the Kingdom of Great Britain. The Stone of Scone was last used in 1953, for the coronation of Elizabeth II.

2002–Singer-songwriter, Elton John, becomes the first performer to be granted an Honorary Doctorate from England's Royal Academy of Music.

2004–”The Bachelor,” Bob Guiney, marries soap opera actress, Rebecca Budig, in Long Lake, Michigan.

2004–Actress, Tori Spelling, marries actor-writer, Charlie Shanian, at her parents’ mansion in Bel Air, California.

2005–Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Spain.

2005–119th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roger Federer beats Andy Roddick (6-2, 7-6, 6-4).

2005–112th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams beats Lindsay Davenport (4-6, 7-6, 9-7).

2007–Saxophone player, Boots Randolph, dies of a brain hemorrhage in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 80. He is best known for his 1963 hit Yakety Sax. Randolph was a major part of the "Nashville Sound" for most of his professional career.

2011–125th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Novak Djokovic beats Rafael Nadal (6-4, 6-1, 1-6, 6-3).

2011–118th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Petra Kvitová beats Maria Sharapova (6-3, 6-4).

2012–Actor, Andy Griffith, dies of a heart attack in Manteo, North Carolina, at age 86. He is best known for his starring roles in two TV series: The Andy Griffith Show and Matlock. He appeared in the films A Face in the Crowd, No Time for Sergeants, Onionhead, The Second Time Around, Angel in My Pocket, Hearts of the West, and Rustlers’ Rhapsody.

2013–President of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi, is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi's resignation, to which he didn't respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, Adly Mansour, is declared acting president.

2015–Actress, Diana Douglas, dies of cancer at the Motion Picture and Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California, at age 92. Douglas began her career as an actress in 1942, and appeared in more than 50 films. She appeared in the films Keeper of the Flame, Let’s Live Again, House of Strangers, Monsoon, Flipper, The Star Chamber, Plains, Trains and Automobiles, and Cold Heaven.

2015–Actress, Amanda Peterson, dies of an accidental morphine overdose in Greeley, Colorado, at age 43. She appeared in the films Annie, Explorers, Can’t Buy Me Love, The Lawless Land, and Listen to Me.

2016–Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy resigns as leader of The Republicans party and announces his candidacy for President once again..


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Anatolius of Constantinople; Quebec, Canada; a strawberry; the U.S. Mint in San Francisco, California; Franz Kafka; Mississippi John Hurt; poster for the film Vertigo; Henrietta Green; Johnny Coles; Pete Fountain; André Citroën; Fontella Bass; Michael Cole; Argent; Tony Curtis, Janet Leigh, and Harry Belafonte on the cover of Ebony magazine; Tom Cruise; Brian Jones; Jim Morrison; Chuck Negron; Ross Martin; the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey; Joe DeRita; Tori Spelling and Charlie Shanian; and Andy Griffith.

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