838Byzantine Emperor Theophilos suffers a heavy defeat by the Abbasids.
1099Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1210Joan of England, Queen of Scotland, is born in London, England.
1298King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk, Scotland.
1456In the Ottoman Wars in Europe, John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire.
1461Charles VII of France dies of starvation due to a mouth infection in Mehun-sur-Yèvre, France, at age 58.
1478Philip I of Castile is born in Bruges, Flanders, Burgundian Netherlands. He was called the Handsome or the Fair, and was the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile.
1484In Battle of Lochmaben Fair, a 500-man raiding party, led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas, are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland.
1499The Swiss decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, in the Battle of Dornach.
1540Hungarian King, John Zápolya, dies.
1587A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island, off North Carolina, to re-establish the deserted colony.
1596Michael I of Russia (1613-1645) is born Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov in Moscow, Russia.
1598William Shakespeares play, The Merchant of Venice, is entered on the Stationers Register. By decree of Queen Elizabeth, the Stationers Register licensed printed works, giving the Crown tight control over all published material.
1676Pope Clement X dies.
1686Albany, New York, is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
1706The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland: when passed by each countries' Parliaments, it brings about the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1713Architect, Jacques-Germain Soufflot, is born in France. He designed the Panthéon.
1751Caroline Matilda of Great Britain is born at Leicester House, in London, England. She was Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1775, as the wife of King Christian VII.
1793Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
1796The city of Cleveland, Ohio, is founded and named after General Moses Cleaveland.
1802Emperor Gia Long conquers Hanoi and unified Viet Nam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
1805In the Napoleonic Wars, an inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleet, under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain, and a British fleet, under Admiral Robert Calder.
1812In the Napoleonic Wars, British forces, led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington), defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
1832French Emperor, Napoleon II, dies of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria, at age 21. He was the son of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, and his second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
1864Outside Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
1869Civil engineer, John A. Roebling, dies in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, New York, at age 63. He is known for his wire rope suspension bridge designs, in particular, the design of the Brooklyn Bridge.
1878Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies dies from an ongoing illness in Le Havre, France, at age 72.
1890Rose Kennedy, mother of future history-making politicians John, Robert, and Ted Kennedy, is born.
1893Katharine Lee Bates writes America the Beautiful after admiring the view from the top of Pikes Peak near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1893Psychiatrist, Karl Menninger, is born.
1894The first ever motor race is held in France, between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher is the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the official victory is awarded to Albert Lemaître, driving his 3 hp petrol engined Peugeot.
1898American Modernist, Alexander Sandy Calder, is born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania. He is best known as the originator of mobile sculpture (now commonly known as mobiles), and is the third generation in a family of artists. His great facility in mathematics and studies in mechanical engineering, combined with his expansive imagination, produced fantastic kinetic sculptures in perfect balance.
1899Sobhuza II, King of Swaziland, is born.
1908Writer, Amy Vanderbilt, is born in Staten Island, New York. She was an American authority on etiquette. In 1952, she published the best-selling book Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette. Later retitled Amy Vanderbilt's Etiquette, the book has been updated and is still in circulation.
1915Engineer, Sandford Fleming, dies in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, at age 88. He created Universal Standard Time. In 1876, after missing a train in Ireland because its printed schedule listed the time as p.m. instead of a.m., he proposed a single 24-hour clock for the entire world, located at the centre of the Earth and not linked to any surface meridian. At a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute on February 8, 1879, he linked the clock to the anti-meridian of Greenwich (now 180°).By 1929, all of the major countries of the world had accepted time zones.
1916A bomb explodes during a parade on Market Street in San Francisco, California, killing 10 people and injuring 40 others.
1916Poet and writer, James Whitcomb Riley, dies.
1922Comedian, Dan Rowan, of Rowan & Martins Laugh-in, is born in Beggs, Oklahoma.
1923Politician, Bob Dole, is born.
1924Singer, Margaret Whiting, is born.
1928Actor, Orson Bean, is born.
1932Theatrical producer, Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., dies of pleurisy in Hollywood, California, at age 65. He was best known for The Ziegfeld Follies (1907-1931), and he was a starmaker during the days of Vaudeville.
1932Fashion designer, Oscar de la Renta, is born.
1932Movie producer, Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., dies.
1933Aviator, Wiley Post, returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York, completing the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 hours, and 49 minutes.
1934Gangster, John Dillinger, dies of gunshot wounds while bring apprehended at the Biograph Theatre in Chicago, Illinois, at age 31. He was an American bank robber in Depression-era America. His gang robbed 24 banks and four police stations. The government demanded federal action, and J. Edgar Hoover developed a more sophisticated Federal Bureau of Investigation as a weapon against organized crime, using Dillinger and his gang as his campaign platform to launch the FBI.
1934Actress, Louise Fletcher, is born.
1936Novelist, Tom Robbins, is born Thomas Eugene Robbins in Blowing Rock, North Carolina. He interrupted his college career after two years at Washington and Lee University in Virginia, to try his hand at supporting himself as a poet in Greenwich Village, New York City. When that didn't work, he had a stint in the U.S. Air Force. His first novel was Another Roadside Attraction, published in 1971. Other best selling novels followed: Even Cowgirls Get the Blues, Still Life with Woodpecker, Jitterbug Perfume, and Skinny Legs and All.
1937The U.S. Senate votes down President Franklin Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1938Actor, Terence Stamp, is born in England.
1940Game show host, Alex Trebek, is born in Canada.
1941Estelle Bennett, of The Ronettes, is born.
1941George Clinton, of Parliament-Funkadelic, is born.
1942The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
1942Gasoline rationing begins in the U.S. during World War II.
1943During World War II, Allied forces capture the Palermo, Italy.
1943Teen idol and Shindig! TV star, Bobby Sherman, is born in Santa Monica, California. His biggest hits were Hey Little Woman and Julie Do You Love Me. He also starred in the TV series Here Come The Brides.
1944The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting a period of Communist rule in Poland.
1946A Zionist underground organisation, the Irgun, bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, site of the civil administration and military headquarters for Mandatory Palestine. Ninety-one people are killed.
1946Actor, Danny Glover, is born.
1946Film director, Paul Schrader, is born.
1947The flag of India is adopted.
1947Comedian-actor, Albert Brooks, is born.
1947Don Henley, of The Eagles, is born.
1948Writer, S.E. Hinton, is born.
1951Dezik and Tsygan are the first (Russian) dogs to make a sub-orbital flight.
1955Actor, Willem Dafoe, is born in Appleton, Wisconsin. He appeared in the films Tom and Viv, Platoon, Mississippi Burning, The English Patient, and Auto Focus.
1962The Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
1963The Beatles album, Introducing The Beatles (on the VeeJay label), is released in America. It was released prior to their first visit to the U.S. in February 1964, and therefore it went somewhat unnoticed by most teenage music lovers.
1963Emily Saliers, of The Indigo Girls, is born.
1964Actor, John Leguizamo, is born.
1964Comedian-actor, David Spade, is born.
1967The Doors make their debut on American Bandstand performing Light My Fire.
1967Writer and poet, Carl Sandburg dies of natural causes in Flat Rock, North Carolina, at age 89.
1968Welsh actor, Rhys Ifans, is born Rhys Owain Evans in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He is known for his recurring role as Mycroft Holmes on the TV series Elementary. He has has appeared in the films The Replacements, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1, The Amazing Spider-Man, and Notting Hill.
1971John Lennon and Yoko Ono are filmed for one of the most memorable and most-seen sequences from the finished Imagine project: with the early morning mist still swirling around the grounds of their Tittenhurst mansion, the couple walk up the path toward the entrance of the house, which has This Is Not Here written above the door. This scene will serve as the opening to the song Imagine. Later in the afternoon, another memorable scene takes place: John Lennon is filmed in the music room at the white grand piano singing Imagine, while Yoko opens the shutters on the windows to let in the light. Then, with most of the days shooting complete, John sits for the photograph that will appear on the cover of the Imagine album.
1971Nineteen days after the death of singer, Jim Morrison, The Doors are awarded a gold record for L.A. Woman. The LP includes the big hit Riders on the Storm.
1972Bobby Darin's variety show, The Bobby Darin Amusement Company, debuts on CBS-TV.
1972Actor, Colin Ferguson, is born in Canada.
1973Singer-songwriter, Rufus Wainwright, is born in Canada.
1976Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during the imperial Japan's conquest of the country during World War II.
1977Chinese leader, Deng Xiaoping, is restored to power.
1979Little Richard's latest gig is saving souls as the Rev. Richard Penniman. He tells a congregation in California, "If God can save an old homosexual like me, he can save anybody."
1983Martial law is officially revoked in Poland.
1988Five hundred U.S. scientists pledge to boycott the Pentagons germ-warfare research.
1990Greg LeMond, an American road racing cyclist, wins his third Tour de France, after leading the majority of the race. It was his second consecutive Tour de France victory.
1991Serial killer, Jeffrey Dahmer, is arrested in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, after police discover human remains in his apartment.
1992Columbian drug lord, Pablo Escobar, escapes from his luxury prison near Medellín, Columbia, fearing extradition to the United States.
1993Levees rupture near Kaskaskia, Illinois, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by the Army Corps of Engineers.
1997The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan, and Sarnia, Ontario.
1998President Bill Clinton signs a bill designed to mold the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) into a friendlier, fairer tax collector. Democrat and Republican lawmakers attended the bill-signing ceremony at the White House.
2002Prince Felix of Denmark is born.
2003Members of the 101st Airborne of the U.S., aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons, Uday and Qusay. They also kill Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son, and a bodyguard.
2005Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers responsible for the July 7, 2005 and July 21, 2005 London bombings.
2007Cinematographer and director, László Kovács, dies.
2008Actress, Estelle Getty, dies.
2011Norway suffers twin terror attacks: the first is a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, and the second is a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utoya.
2011Actress, Linda Christian, dies.
2013A series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others.
2013Prince George of Cambridge is born.
2013Actor, Dennis Farina, dies from a blood clot in his lung in Scottsdale, Arizona, at age 69. He appeared in the films Thief, Code of Silence, Jo Jo Dancer, Your Life is Calling, Midnight Run, Another Stakeout, Get Shorty, and Saving Private Ryan.
2015Three people die and 17 others are injured in a collision between a Pendolino train and a lorry near Studénka, north Moravia, in the Czech Republic.
2015Lawyer, Loredana Nesci, star of the Sundance Channel show Loredana, Esq., is found dead in her home in Redondo Beach, California. Her partner, Robert Reagan, is arrested on suspicion of murder.
2015Eddie Hardin, of The Spencer Davis Group, dies of a heart attack in London, England, at age 66.
2015Country singer, Daron Norwood, dies in Hereford, Texas, at age 49. On November 5, 1995, Norwood decided to quit his career as a country singer due to his addiction to alcohol. He told the Lubbock-Avalanche Journal that during that time period, he was taking 20 to 25 shots of Jack Daniels a night. Norwood served as a motivational speaker. His program, called "Keep It Straight," was developed to warn children of the dangers of drug and alcohol abuse. His albums include Daron Norwood, Ready, Willing and Able, and I Still Believe.
2016China begins demolishing buildings and evicting residents at Larung Gar in Tibet, one of the largest religious institutes in the world. Officials site overpopulation and security as the leading reasons for the planned action.
2016A German-Iranian gunman shoots and kills nine people and injures 17 others in a terrorist attack at a shopping mall in Munich, Germany.
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